Who Invented The Cell Phone?

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Believe it or not, there was actually a time when cell phones were a rare commodity. Not everybody owned a cell phone. However, today it’s pretty hard to imagine a world without these convenient devices. They play an important part in our daily lives and we simply cannot live without the countless benefits they have to offer. Even if you don’t own a cell phone yourself, you will probably come across dozens of people every day, talking on their cell phone. There is no doubt about the fact we adopted these devices at an astounding rate. But who do we owe this all to? Who invented the cell phone and made our lives so much easier?

To give you the answer to that question, we have to delve into history. So, more than a century ago, the telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. Then, some years later a Canadian inventor named Reginald Fessenden, who performed ground-breaking radio experiments, achieved an outstanding feat. On December 23, 1900, he was successful in making the first wireless telephone call by transmitting human voice via radio waves. This was done by sending signals from one radio tower to another, which was truly something remarkable for that era. It was because of Fessenden’s hard work and dedication that broadcast radio came into being.

However, that’s not the only thing he is praised for. In a way, he also provided the groundwork for cell phones and networks to be invented. In 1947, William Rae Young, an engineer at Bell Laboratories, proposed that radio towers could support a telephone network if properly arranged in a hexagonal pattern. And guess what? It did. Young’s design allowed calls to be carried across the network via low-power transmitters. It also led to the idea of handoffs, when a caller moves from the broadcast radius of one tower to another. However, although there was nothing wrong with his theory, the technology to make it possible just wasn’t available yet.

It would take at least 10 years for further developments to come in. In the meantime, though, companies, such as AT&T, provided a few customers radio telephones for their use. Compared to the cell phones we have and use today, these systems were primitive and looked a lot like those walkie-talkies transceivers. The system allowed only a few calls to be made at a time, sometimes even fewer than three calls could be made! There were also times where the caller had to wait for another ongoing conversation to end before they could complete a call. Having private conversations was completely out of the question.

These phones also weighed up to 80 pounds! That’s a lot of weight, so obviously, the device wasn’t something you could easily carry around with you in your pocket. Not to mention, it came at an incredibly expensive price, which meant not everybody could take advantage of what it had to offer. In the 1960s, the technology which could support Young’s theory of a cellular network was finally developed by two engineers named Joel S. Engel and Richard H. Frenkiel. Both of them also worked at Bell Laboratories, which was a subsidiary of AT&T since the time of Young.

But when AT&T sought permission from the FCC to develop a cellular network, a bold move was made by one of their rivals, it was Martin Cooper. At that time, he worked as an executive in Motorola, who was one of AT&T’s biggest rivals. Cooper was the head of the team that invented the first cell phone, called the Motorola DynaTAC. However, yet it wasn’t a small device as it weighed 2.5 pounds and was 9 inches long! So, who was the first call made to and by whom? One of the first cell phone calls was made by Cooper, where he called his rival Joel Engel at Bell Laboratories.

Yes, in a way, the first cell phone was used to, what many refer to as, a prank call. Hilarious isn’t it? That surely must have caught Engel by surprise! From here onwards, cell phones took several more years to become a viable commercial product. But after over a century of extensive research, development and what not, it can be safely said the significant investment we have made has finally paid off in the form modern cell phones and reliable cellular networks.

 

Written by Lance W.

Escape the Crowds: 5 Cities to Visit in Europe in Fall

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The hustle and bustle of city life can get to you after a while. There comes a time when you are tired of the traffic noise and the constant beeping of devices, not to mention the chatter of the people. Fall is the best time to ditch city life for a while and head to Europe where you can spend a few days in a reclusive city that offers just what you need: peace and quiet. Of course, there are hundreds of cities in Europe you can head to and not all of them will offer what you are looking for. To make the choice easier for you, here’s a list of 5 cities to visit in Europe in the fall to escape the crowds:

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3 Staycation Ideas for an Awesome Fall Break

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Fall break is just around the corner and the weather is perfect for a holiday. Some places around the US and around the world are just great at this time of the year, but you might not have the energy or the cash to travel somewhere for a vacation. Yet, at the same time, you shouldn’t waste your fall break not doing anything. Of course, to you, there may be nothing better than just staying in bed and eating junk food, but that would drain all your energy and by the time fall break ends, you will be exhausted. However, you can stay home and still enjoy a vacation during the fall holidays.

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Top 7 Greatest Russian Writers of All Time

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Russia today is known more for its past rife with communism, the Cold War, and oil. But perhaps the best export from the country has been its literature. Some of the greatest writers of the 19th and 20th century were from Russia. In fact, hardly a year goes by when Hollywood doesn’t put forth an adaptation of a Russian novel on screen. If you want to read the works of the best Russian writers, here is a list of the top 7 greatest of them all:

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7 Signs You Are a Modern Day Hippie

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Have you ever been referred to as a ‘Flower Child’ or ‘Hippie’ by anyone? If you smile at the thought of being one, chances are you might just be! There are a number of signs which indicate you are a modern day hippie. Some may surprise you, while others may not quite feel hippie at all. However, there is a slight difference between the hippies of today and those from the sweet sixties.

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Top 3 Things To Do in Paris

You’ve booked your flight and hotel and you’re extremely excited to visit Paris, France. Maybe this is a trip of a lifetime, something you have always wanted to do but hadn’t had the time, money, or person to travel with you. Whether you’re traveling alone, with a spouse, with your best friend, or in a group, you’re going to be exposed to many new experiences.

Paris

Paris is considered one of the most romantic destinations in all of the world. That doesn’t mean you have to spend all of your time at the local cafés, eateries, or even the Eiffel Tower. (Still, anyone who doesn’t visit the Eiffel Tower while in Paris is missing out on one of its iconic destinations.)

I’ll leave that one off this list, though, because it is so obvious that it shouldn’t need to be mentioned. As for other things, here are the next top three things you might want to consider doing when in Paris.

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